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Sankey, Stuart (1927-2000)

 

 

Full Name:

Sankey, Stuart

LC Authority:

Sankey, Stuart

National:

American

Bass Tradition:

American

Bow Style:

German

Activity:

Solo, Chamber & Orchestra bassist, Conservatory Professor, Composer, Editor, Arranger

Chronology:

        Birth Date:

December 31, 1927, Los Angeles, California, US

        Studied with:

Jean Morel and Henry Brant, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
Frederick Zimmermann, Juilliard School (MM 1953)

        Awards:

Outstanding Teacher Award from the International Society of Bassists, 1990
Award of Honor from the China Society of Bassists

        Orchestras:

Aspen Festival Orchestra
American Symphony Orchestra, New York, 1962-1969
New York Philharmonic, some engagements, 1962-1969
Metropolitan Opera Orchestra, some engagements, 1962-1969

        Chamber Ensembles:

An associate to following string quartets:
Juilliard Quartet, Cleveland Quartet, Paganini String Quartet, New Music String Quartet, Lenox String Quartet and Curtis Quartet.

        Professorships:

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1986-2000
Aspen Music School, 1951-2000
Indiana University, Bloomington, 1980-1986
University of Texas, Austin, 1969-1980
Juilliard School, 1953-1969 1

Guest Teaching:
Central Conservatory of Music in Beijing
Toho Academy in Tokyo

        Noted Students:

Andy Anderson, Bruce Bransby, Kristen Bruya, Jon Deak, Michael Cameron, Diana Gannett, Peter Guild, Eric Hansen, Erik Harris, Frano Kakarigi, Gary Karr, Robert Kassinger, Benjamin Levy, Edgar Meyer, Andrew Moon, David Murray, John Schiavo, Anthony Stoops, Dennis Trembly, Derek Weller.

        Solos:

Premiere of Three Dialogues for double bass and piano by Alan Daniels on January 7, 1958 at the Rothschild Foundation in New York.

        Recordings:

Piano Quintet in a: Op. 114 (“The Trout”). Camden, NJ: RCA Victor, 1957. LP Recording.

[ performance by Festival Quartet: Szymon Goldberg, violin; William Primrose, viola; Nikolai Graudan, violoncello; Victor Babin, piano; with Stuart Sankey, double bass ]

Franchetti, Arnold. Three Italian Masques. New York, N.Y: New World/CRI, 1996, 2009. Sound recording.

[ Raymond Hanson, piano; New York Brass Ensemble; Stuart Sankey, double bass; Ronald Gould, percussion; Samuel Baron, conductor ]

Brant, H: Rainforest (the Henry Brant Collection, Vol. 6) (brant). Hong Kong: Naxos Digital Services Ltd, 2007. CD.

[ Stuart Sankey as the only bassist in this ensemble. Recording data unavailable, likely ca. 1989 ]

Menotti, Gian Carlo. The Unicorn, The Gorgon, and The Manticore. Hayes, Middlesex, England: Columbia, 1957 ?, LP Recording.

[ Stuart Sankey as the only double bass in this ensemble. Recorded in co-operation with the New York City Ballet ]

Library of Congress Music Division concert, 1964-03-27. 1964. Reel-to-reel Recording.

[ Onslow, George. Quintet no. 15 in C minor for string quartet and double bass, op. 38 (1829) ; Schubert, Franz. Octet in F major, Op. 166 (1824) ; Stuart Sankey, double bass ]

        Associated with:

Leopold Stokowski, Serge Koussevitsky, Sir Thomas Beecham, Leonard Bernstein, Herbert Von Karajan, Zubin Mehta, Sir George Solti, Ernest Ansermet, Pablo Casals, Aaron Copland, Otto Klemperer, André Previn, Michael Steinberg and Igor Stravinsky, with whom he recorded several works.

        Passing:

May 1, 2000, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

        Obituaries:

The University of Michigan, May 8, 2000

“Memories of Stuart Sankey.” The Bass Line : Publication of the International Society of Bassists. May 2000, pp. 1-5.

[ featured are personal memories and tributes by his former students and colleagues: Bruce Bransby, Jeff Bradetich, Jon Deak, Paul Ellison, Dianna Gannett, Murray Grodner, Peter Guild, Larry Hurst, Gary Karr and Edgar Meyer, David Murray, John Schiavo, Anthony Stoops, Dennis Trembly and Derek Weller ]

Bibliography:

        Biographical Citations:

Proceedings of the Board of Regents, July 1999 – June 2000. The University of Michigan, pp. 354-355 – Google Books

        Articles:

                Personal Articles:

Borém, Fausto, and Stuart Sankey. “Sobre a Questão de Pequenas Alterações Na Realização Das Partes de Contrabaixo de Beethoven (Reprinted and Translated from ’International Society of Bassists Annual Journal’, vol. 1, no. 4, Spring 1975, pp. 95-9) (Includes Abstract in English and Portuguese).” Musica Hodie, vol. 6, no. 2, 2006, pp. 11-34.

Sankey, Stuart. “The ‘Concerto’ of Koussevitsky.” Journal of the International Society of Bassists, vol. 18, no. 3, 1993, pp. 40-42.

Sankey, Stuart, and David Walter. “As You like It–Original or Transcribed Bass Repertoire.” American String Teacher, vol. 37, no. 3, 1987, pp. 47-49.

Sankey, Stuart. “Double Bass Playing in the Peoples Republic of China.” Journal of the International Society of Bassists, vol. 11, no. 2, 1985, pp. 4-5.

Sankey, Stuart. “On the Anticipation of Crossings by the Left Hand.” Bass World, vol. 5, no. 2, 1979, pp. 474-477.

Sankey, Stuart. “Anticipating Left-Hand String Crossings on the String Bass.” Instrumentalist, vol. 32, Oct. 1977, pp. 90-92.

Sankey, Stuart. “Anticipating Left-Hand String Crossings on the String Bass.” Instrumentalist, vol. 32, Oct. 1977, pp. 90-92.

Sankey, Stuart. “On the Question of Minor Alterations in the Double Bass Parts of Beethoven.” Bass World, vol. 1, no. 4, 1975, pp. 95-99.

                Relevant Articles:

Borém, Fausto. “A Brief History of Double Bass Transcription.” Bass World: The Journal of the International Society of Bassists, vol. 21, no. 2, Fall 1996, p. 8.

[ Provides a history of transcription for double bass, ca. 1550 to the present, with attention to transcribers, composers, and music; historical phases of special popularity of such transcriptions; and the contribution of transcription to the development of double-bass playing techniques and original repertoire. Among those mentioned are Franz Simandl, Giuseppe Antonio Capuzzi, Giovanni Battista Viotti, Domenico Dragonetti, Giovanni Bottesini, Serge Koussevitzky, Isaia Billè, Édouard Nanny, Barry Green, Lucas Drew, Stuart Sankey, Rodion Azarhin, Gary Karr, Bertram Turetzky, and Ernst Mahle. ]

                Announcements:

Faculty Activities:  Stuart Sankey: Dittersdorf, Symphony Concertante,  for double bass viola and orchestra. American Chamber Orchestra, Robert Scholz cond., with herbert Feldman viola., Town Hall, March 15, 1955.    The Juilliard Review,  vol. II, no. 2, Spring, 1955, p. 62.

New Works and Comissions: Sigurd Rascher has commisioned Stuart Sankey to write Theme and Variations for bass saxophone and concert band. The Juilliard Review,  vol. II, no. 2, Spring 1955, p. 61.

Stuart Sankey gave the first perfomance of  Alan Daniels’ (1952) Three Dialogues for double bass and piano, on January 7 at the Rothschild Foundation in New York. he perfomes on the Schubert “Trout” Quintet, recorded by the Festival Quartet on RCA Victor disc LM-2147. The Juilliard Review Alumni supplement, Winter 1957-8  The Juilliard Review,  vol. V, no. [1] 2, Winter, 1957-58. pp. 15-18.

                Interviews:

Applebaum, Samuel, and Henry Roth. The Way They Play: Book 6. , 1978.

[ An interview with Stuart Sankey among other prominent musicians ]

                Books:

Scoggan, James, Paul Ellison, Barry Green, Elizabeth Federsen, Stuart Sankey, and David Walter. What the Non-Bassist Should Know About Teaching the Double Bass: A Forum. n.p., 1977.

[ Guidelines for teaching double bass in public schools based upon recommendations submitted by Paul Ellison, Barry Green, Elizabeth Federsen, Stuart Sankey, and David Walter. “December 19, 1977.” ]

        Online Dictionaries:

Stuart Sankey – Wikipedia English

        Estate:

Location unknown at this time

Compositions:

        Solo:

• Guittarone: For Unaccompanied String Bass (1965)

Editions:

Yorke Solos: Vol. 1 for Unaccompanied Double Bass. London: Yorke Edition, 1979.

[ The Guittarone is one of the pieces in the collection ]

Noted Performances:

Frano Kakarigi, Solo Bass

Audio Recording – Behance portal

        Solo & Ensemble:

• Concerto for Double Bass and Orchestra (1986)

Tuning:

Solo Tuning

Editions:

Concerto for Double Bass. New York: International Music, 1986. (piano reduction)

Bibliography:

Zayas, Nestor E. The Most Significant Concertos for Double Bass Written Since 1970: Reviews and Performance Approaches. D.M. Dissertation, Florida State University, 2010, pp. 69-70. Download Page

“Sankey Concerto Inquiry” Bass Heritage Board, March 2, 2015 – BHB Post Link

Premiere:

Prof. Sankey has invited Frano Kakarigi to offer a premiere of this concerto in 1987. The premiere took place on February 9, 1988 at McIntosh Theatre of The University of Michigan, with Frano Kakarigi as a soloist, Stuart Sankey as conductor and the U. of Michigan, School of Music Orchestra.

Concert Program

——

The following audio files of the concerto premiere are presented by courtesy of Frano Kakarigi.

Appasionato
Dolente
Con Fuoco

• Carmen Fantasy (1993 )

Tuning:

Solo Tuning

Note:

Although closely resembling the format of Bizet’s “Carmen” overture and other arias, this is not a mere transcription, yet an original work and thus classified here.

Editions:

Bizet, Georges. Carmen Fantasy on Themes from Bizet’s Carmen: For String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey, New York: International Music Company, 1993.

[ Accompaniment originally for orchestra ]

Bibliography:

Lee, Hyungtag. A Stylistic Comparison into the Carmen Fantasy for Double Bass: Proto, Sankey, and DaXun. D.M.A. Thesis, University of Cincinnati, 2016, pp. 24-32.

Premiere:

August 13, 1990 at Johansen Festival in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

Cited in: Marilyn Breiter. “Faculty Notes.” Music at Michigan. vol. 24, no. 1. Fall 1990, p. 27. Page Link

Recordings:

Horovitz, Joseph, Gary Karr, Patrick Thomas, Edvard Grieg, Wilfred Josephs, and Stuart Sankey. Double Bass Concertos. Sydney : ABC Classics, 438 612-2, 1995 (2013). CD.

Originally issued in 1995 as ABC Classics: 438 612-2. (see above)
Reissued in 2013 by ABC Classics: 438 612-2
Recorded on November 23-27, 1992 at Adelaide Town Hall. Australia

Video 1st part – YouTube
Video 2nd part – YouTube

 

        Chamber:

                Trios:

• Gypsy Music: For Clarinet, Guitar and Bass (1989)

Scoring:

Trios (Clarinet, guitar, double bass)

Editions:

Gypsy Music: For Clarinet, Guitar and Bass : Score and Parts. New York: International Music Co, 1989.

        Other Compositions:

• Five Choral Songs (1979)

Editions:

Sankey, Stuart, and Algernon C. Swinburne. Five Choral Songs. , 1979.

Recordings:

Stuart Sankey. Five Choral Songs. Aspen Music Festival, 2007. CD.
Recorded July 27, 1992 at the Tent, Aspen Music Festival, Aspen, Colorado.

• Variations for winds & percussion (1975)

Recordings:

“Indiana University Wind Band.” Featured conductors: Ray Cramer, Eric E. Anderson ;  Featured composers: Vittorio Giannini, Donald H. White, J E. Barat, Julius Fučík, Clifton Williams, Stuart Sankey, J.-B Arban, and Fred Jewell. [program, 1985-1986, No. 140]. , 1985.

• Variations for Orchestra (1984)

Recordings:

Fox, Frederick, Akira Endo, and Stuart Sankey. Night Ceremonies (1979). Louisville, Ky: Louisville Orchestra, 1984. LP.

Mester, Jorge, and Stuart Sankey. Archive Recordings: Season of 1981. , 2005. Archive CD.

Pedagogy:

        Edited Methods:

Simandl, Franz. New Method for String Bass. Arranged and Edited by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Publications, 1980.

Simandl, Franz. New Method for String Bass, Part 1. Arranged and Edited by Stuart Sankey, New York: International Music, 1968.

        Edited Etudes:

Libon, Philippe. 12 Studies for String Bass. Edited by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Company, 1970.

[ The source edition for this Sankey edition may have been either the Simandl’s arrangement, or the 1939 Russian bass arrangement of the Libon original intended for violin ]

[ Most likely taken from the 1939 Russian edition: Source IMSLP
Published by: Moscow: Muzgiz, 1939. Plate 16287.
Presumably also edited by Franz Simandl (1840-1912) ]

        Orchestral Studies:

Orchestral Excerpts from the Symphonic Repertoire for String Bass: Volume VIII. Compiled and Edited by Stuart Sankey, New York: International Music Co, 1987.

Personal Editions:

         Solo & Piano:

Bottesini, Giovanni. Concerto for String Bass and Piano. Edited by Edouard Nanny and then edited by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Company, 1963.

[ most likely a shortened F# minor Nanny version of Bottesini’s orginal F# minor concerto  ]

Bottesini, Giovanni. Concerto No. 1 in B Minor – One Movement: For String Bass and Piano. Edited by Stuart Sankey. New York, NY: Int. Music Comp, 1963.

Bottesini, Giovanni. Fantasy on Themes from “la Sonnambula” by Vincenzo Bellini: For String Bass and Piano. Edited by Stuart Sankey New York: Internat. Music Co, 1991.

Hoffmeister, Franz A. Concertino No. 2: For String Bass and Piano. Edited by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Company, 1977 (1991).

         Duo & Piano:

Dittersdorf, Karl Ditters von. Sinfonia Concertante in D Major for Viola, String Bass, and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York City: International Music, 1985.

Bottesini, Giovanni. Grand Duo Concertant: For Violin, String Bass, and Piano. Edited by Josef Gingold and Stuart Sankey. New York City: International Music, 1985.

Bottesini, Giovanni. Passione Amorosa: For Two String Basses and Piano. Edited by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Company, 1986.

Mozart, Wolfgang A. Per Questa Bella Mano =: By Your Lovely Hand : Aria for Bass Voice with String Bass or Cello Ad Libitum. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music, 1952 (1964).

[ Double bass part adapted by Stuart Sankey from violoncello part arr. from double bass part by G.F. Ghedini ; Italian words, also printed as text with English translation by Waldo Lyman ]

Arrangements:

         Solo & Piano:

Collections:

Album of 10 Classical Pieces: For String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey, New York: International Music Company, 1969, (1980).

Individual Authors:

Bach, Johann Sebastian. Sonata No. 2 in D Major, S. 1028 for String Bass and Piano: Originally for Viola Da Gamba. New York City: International Music Co, 1962.

[Originally for viola da gamba and harpsichord ]

Beethoven, Ludwig. Romance Opus 50 for String Bass and Piano. Initially transcribed by Franz Simandl, edited by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music, 1976 (1981).

[ Originally for violin and orchestra ]

Bloch, Ernest. Prayer: (no. 1 from “Jewish Life”) : for String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: Carl Fischer, 1997.

[ originaly for voice ]

Bloch, Ernest. Meditation Hebraique: For String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: Carl Fischer, 1997.

[ possibly the same as above? ]

Boccherini, Luigi. Rondo in D Major for String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York, NY: Int. Music Company, 1971, 198- (1991).

[ Originally for string quintet ]

Boccherini, Luigi. Sonata No. 6 in a Major: For String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York, NY: Int. Music Comp, 1964 (1980).

[ Originally for violoncello ]

Bruch, Max. Kol Nidrei Opus 47 for String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey and Herman Reinshagen. New York: International Music, 1981.

Bréval, J. B. Sonata in a Major for String Bass and Piano. New York : International Music, 1995.

[Originally for violoncello and continuo ]

Debussy, Claude. Sonata in a Major: For String Bass and Piano. Piano part edited by Robert Casadesus.  Solo bass part arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Company, 1991.

Dragonetti, Domenico. Concerto in A  Major, for String Bass and Piano. Most likely composed by Edouard Nanny, newly edited by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Co, 1963.

Fesch, Willem de. Sonata: In G Major for Strings and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music, 1965 (1979).

[ Originally for two violoncellos ]

Franck, César. Sonata in a Major for String Bass and Piano. Solo bass part arranged by Stuart Sankey ; Piano part edited by Robert Casadesus. New York: International Music, 1991 (2002).

[Originally for violin and piano ]

Granados, Enrique, and Stuart Sankey. Madrigal in a Minor: For String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York, NY: Internat. Music Comp, 1982.

Grieg, Edvard. Sonata in a Minor, Opus 36: For String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music, 1994.

[ Originally for violoncello and piano ]

Handel, George F. Sonata No. 3 in G Major for String Bass and Piano. Solo bass part arranged by Stuart Sankey ; piano reduction arranged by by K.H. Fuessl. New York City: International Music Co, 1991.

Handel, George F. Sonata No. 4 in D Major for String Bass and Piano. Solo bass part arranged by Stuart Sankey ; piano reduction arranged by by K.H. Fuessl. New York City: International Music Co, 1966.

Marcello, Benedetto. Sonata: In C Major, for String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Co, 1965 (1992).

Marcello, Benedetto. Sonata in D Major for String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Company, 1966.

Mozart, Wolfgang A. Bassoon Concerto in B Flat Major K. 191: For String Bass and Piano. Piano reduction by H. Kling and K.H. Füssl. Arranged for bass by Stuart Sankey. New York, NY: Int. Music Comp, 1964 (1985).

[ Originally for bassoon and orchestra ]

Paganini, Nicolò. Variations on One String on Rossini’s “Moses”: For String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Herman Reinshagen originally and Stuart Sankey for this edition. New York City: International Music Co, 1980.

[ Originally for violin and orchestra. Caption title: Variations on one string on a theme by Rossini. From the edition notes: “The “Moses variations” … were arranged for string bass some years ago by Herman Reinshagen. This ed. owes … to that excellent transcription. ]

Recordings:

Double Bass Recital: Racz, Odon – Bottesini, G. Hong Kong: Naxos Digital Services US Inc, 2013.

Click Listen at Naxos , then click lower right link “Free Preview” and select no. 11 “Introduction and Variations …”

Rachmaninoff, Sergei. Vocalise Opus 34, No. 14: For String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music, 1968 (1985, 2014).

Romberg, Bernhard. Sonata in E Minor: Opus 38, No. 1, for String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Co, 1970 (1979).

[ Originally a trio for Va Vc Kb op. 38,1 ]

Saint-Säens, Camille. Allegro Appassionato, Opus 43: For String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Company, 1971 (1980).

Schubert, Franz. Sonata in a Minor (“arpeggione”) for String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Co, 1963.

[Originally for arpeggione ]

Schumann, Robert. Five Pieces in Folk Style: Opus 102 Bis, for String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Co, 1991.

[Originally for violoncello and piano ]

Stamitz, Karl. Concerto in D Major, Opus 1, for String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Co, 1998.

[Originally for viola and orchestra ]

Telemann, Georg P. Sonata in D Major for String Bass and Piano [twv 41:d6]. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Company, 1957 (1965, 1977).

[ Originally for violoncello and continuo ]

Telemann, Georg P. Sonata in E Minor for String Bass Solo. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York City: International Music Co, 1967.

Telemann, Georg P. Sonata in E Minor for String Bass and Piano [twv 41:e5]. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music, 1976 (1983).

[ Originally for viola da gamba and continuo ]

Telemann, Georg P. Sonata in F Minor for String Bass and Piano [twv 41:f1]. Realization of the figured bass by Robert Veyron-Lacroix. Solo bass part arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music, 1968 (2000).

[ Originally for bassoon or flute and continuo ]

Telemann, Georg P. Concerto in G Major for String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey ; piano reduction by Giuseppe Piccioli. New York: International Music, 1948 (1969, 1985).

[ Originally Concerto for viola and string orchestra, TWV 51 G 9. ]

Telemann, Georg P, and Stuart Sankey. Sonata in a Minor for String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Co, 1957.

Telemann, Georg P. Sonata in a Minor for String Bass and Piano [twv 41:a6]. Bass part arranged by Stuart Sankey. Piano realization by Diethard Hellmann. New York: International Music, 1965 (2000).

[ most likely the same sonata as above ]

Vivaldi, Antonio. Concerto in a Minor, Op. 3, No. 6 for String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music, 1963.

[ Originally for violin and string orchestra ]

Vivaldi, Antonio. Concerto in D Minor, F. I, N. 176 (opus 3 No. 6): For String Bass and Piano. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York, NY: International Music Comp, 1992.

Vivaldi, Antonio. Sonata in D Minor for Three Violins and Piano. Edited by Josef Gingold, Arranged for double bass by Stuart Sankey New York: International Music, 1964.

Vivaldi, Antonio. Sonata in D Minor for String Bass and Piano [rv 14]. Arranged for double bass by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Co, 1987 (2000).

[ Possibly the same one as above, yet unable to determine without comparing the scores ]

Weber, Carl M. Adagio and Rondo: For String Bass and Piano. Transcribed for violoncello by Gregor Piatigorsky ; Arranged for string bass by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music Company, 1982.

         Chamber Music:

Duets:

12 Duets for Two String Basses. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music, 1969.

Telemann, Georg P. 6 Canonic Sonatas for Two String Basses. Arranged by Stuart Sankey. New York: International Music, 1969.


1

Footnotes:

1.     “Music at Michigan” The university of Michigan School of Music. vol. 20, no. 1, Fall 1986, p. 19.

Last Update: February 13, 2019

Posted: February 9, 2019