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Černý, František (1861-1940)


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Alternate Names:

Czerny, Frantisek ; Cerny

National:

Bohemian ; Czech

Bass Tradition:

Czech

Activity:

Solo & Orchestra bassist, Composer, Conservatory Professor.

Chronology:

        Birth:

January 23 1861, Pardubice, Bohemia

        Studied with:

Vendelin Sladek Prague Conservatory (1876-1882) 1
Victor Frederic Verrimst in Paris Conservatory (1881-1882)

        Awards:

Silver medal from Paris Conservatory 1886 2

        Orchestras:

Colonne-La­moureux, France (1884–1889)
London Orchestra (?) (1889-1890) 3
National Theatre in Prague, Bohemia (1890-1900)

        Professorship:

Prague Conservatory (1900-1931)

        Notable Students:

Karel Paul, A. Simunek, Rudolf Tulaček, František Hubieka, Karel Sejna, Oldrich Šorejs, Bohumil Oupec, František Hertl, Josef Cisar.

        Basses owned:

Grancino 1693

        Passing:

September 3, 1940. Pra­gue, Czechoslovakia.

Bibliography:

        Book Citations: 4

•  Billé (1928) p. 114 (two lines)
•  Planyavsky (1984) p. 579, 618.
•  Warnecke (1909) p. 23, 80 ; Prague Conservatory graduates at pp. 82-83.

        Articles:

Cerveny, Jan. “The Prague Conservatory: One Hundred and Fifty Years of History of the Contrabass”. Bass Sound Post, 1968. vol. 6, no. 1, p. 4.

 

        Online Dictionaries:

Český Hudební Slovník –  František Černý
Wikipedia.cz – František Černý

Compositions & Editions:

        Concertos:

•  Concert pour la Contrabasse : (en 3 parties) : avec accompagnement de piano composé : Op. 20. Leipzig : R. Forberg, 1911. 5

        Konzert Für Kontrabass: Op. 20. Bad Godesberg: R. Forberg Musikverl, 1968.

•  2éme Concert Pour Contrebasse et Piano : (en 2 parties). Prague : J. Hoffmann, 1922. Download Page

•  III. Concert : Contrebasse – Piano. Prague: Edition Neubert, 1925.

        Adagio (druhá Věta Z Třetiho Koncertu): Pro Kontrabas a Harfu. n.p., 1970. Juilliard Library Record .

                [Second movement from the third concerto arranged for solo bass and harp. Possibly an arrangement by Černý himself since it is dated 1916]

•  IV. Concert : Contrebasse – Piano. Praha : Edition Neubert, n.d.

 

        Pieces:

•  Chant d’Amour : [Contrebasse et Piano]. Leipzig : Bosworth & Comp., [1906]

•  Danse des Satyres : Pour la Contrebasse et Piano. Leipzig: J.H. Zimmermann, 1913. Download Page

        Musical Example – Click “Free Preview” – Track no. 5

•  Dumka : Contrebasse et Piano. Leipzig : Bosworth & Comp., [1905]

•  Improvisata: Pour Contrebasse Et Piano. Vienna: Universal Edition, 1918.

•  Improvisata: Pour Contrebasse Et Piano. Vienna: Universal Edition, 1918.

        Musical Example – Click “Free Preview” – Track no. 10

•  Nocturne et Intermezzo. Leipzig: J.H. Zimmermann, 1913 Download Page

                [part of the Danse des Satyres, Zimm. 1913 edition]

•  Rêverie : Contrebasse et Piano. Leipzig : Bosworth & Comp., [1906]

•  Suite : Contrebasse – Piano. Prague: Neubers, 1929.

•  Valse Fantastique : Contrebasse et Piano. Leipzig: Bosworth & Comp., [1905]

        Musical Example – click “Free Preview” – Track no. 6

        Methods:

Moderne Kontrabas-Schule. Leipzig : Bosworth, 1906.

        Etudes:

•  30 Etudes – Caprices : Contrabbasso. Prague : Supraphon, 1983.

        30 Etudes – Caprices : Contrabbasso. Prague : Supraphon, 1979.

        30 Etudes Caprices : Contrabbasso. Prague : Stání Hudební Vydavatelslví, 1961.

        30 Etudes Caprices : Contrebasse. Prague : A. Neubert, 1927.

•  Technické Studie pro Kontrabas : Technische Studien für Kontrabass. Prague: Editio Bärenreiter Praha, 2004.

        T́echnické Studie Pro Kontrabas : Technische Studien Für Kontrabass. Prague: Supraphon, 1983.

        T́echnické Studie Pro Kontrabas : Technische Studien Für Kontrabass. Prague: Supraphon, 1979.

        Technické Studie pro Kontrabas. Prague: Supraphon, 1968.

        Technické Studie pro Kontrabas : Příprava k Technickým Studiím v Palcové Poloze. Prague : A. Neubert, 1927.

Media:

•  Mette Hanskov soloist. Double Bass Recital: Hanskov, Mette – Gliere, R. Hong Kong: Naxos Digital Services Ltd, 2009.

        [features Mazurka (accompanied by organ)]

•  Tibay, Zsolt soloist. Double Bass Rarities. Hungary: Hungaroton Classic, 2004. CD format.

        [features Danse des Satyres and Valse Fantastique]

•  Stefan Schäfer soloist. František Černý, Compositions Pour Contrebasse Et Piano. Hamburg: Ambitus, 1997. CD format

        [features Reverie, Dumka, Valse fantastique, Mazurka, Chant d´amour, Danse des Satyres, Nocturno & Intermezzo, Improvisata]

•  Pošta, František soloist. The Singing Grancino of František Pošta. Prague: Supraphon, 1982. LP format.

        [features Chat d’Amour]

•  Pošta, František soloist. The Grancino Double Bass of František Pošta. Supraphon, 1976. LP format.

        [features Mazurka]

 


1

Footnotes:

1.     Cerveny, Jan. “The Prague Conservatory: One Hundred and Fifty Years of History of the Contrabass”. Bass Sound Post, 1968. vol. 6, no. 1, p. 6.



2.     Pierre, Constant. Le Conservatoire National De Musique Et De Déclamation: Documents Historiques Et Administratifs Recueillis Ou Reconstitués. Paris: Impr. nationale, 1900. (vol.2) p. 622. Page Link



3.     Cerveny, Jan. “The Prague Conservatory…”



4.     Please consult Books page under Bass History – General heading for full citations.



5.     Černý’s first Concerto (1911) indicates “Op. 20”, yet he wrote three additional concertos, so it is reasonable to assume that his opus number is much higher. However, the question of what pieces did he compose prior to 1911, and what later, should be a welcome topic for some future study.

Posted: January 23, 2015

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